The Green Mountain Comedy Festival puts local comics on the map
In his best-selling book The Tipping Point, Malcolm Gladwell examines the phenomenon of phenomena and attempts to uncover the mechanisms behind epidemic social trends. Gladwell argues that three rules govern when and how a fad becomes full-blown change or, in his words, reaches its “tipping point.”
Gladwell’s first rule is the Law of the Few, which states, “The success of any kind of social epidemic is heavily dependent on the involvement of people with a particular and rare set of social gifts.” He calls his second maxim the Stickiness Factor, a measure of how memorable messages or ideas are. The final rule is the Power of Context: “Epidemics are sensitive to the conditions and circumstances of the times and places in which they occur.”
Gladwell most likely never intended his theory to be applied to the development of a fledgling, and at times nonexistent, comedy scene in the rural Northeast. However, as the third annual Green Mountain Comedy Festival  gets under way this week, featuring 30-plus local comics, all the writer’s criteria seem to fit. With more comics and, increasingly, more outlets in which to perform, standup in Vermont may have reached its tipping point.
Until recently, standup comedy in Vermont was an afterthought, a performing art generally banished to ignominy. Aside from the annual Higher Ground Comedy Battle — a fun, if inconsistent, showcase of local standup talent — and occasional performances by veteran comics such as Jason P. Lorber  or Josie Leavitt and her band of fellow funny women, the Vermont Comedy Divas , there wasn’t much to laugh about in the Green Mountains. But that has changed, thanks in large part to Leavitt, who has taught a standup-comedy class  in Burlington for the past six years, and to comedians Kathleen Kanz  and Nathan Hartswick , the dedicated duo behind this year’s GMCF.
Gladwell’s theory calls for “the involvement of people with a specific and rare set of social gifts.” He could be describing Kanz and Hartswick, the de facto architects of Vermont’s rising comedy scene.
Kanz is a Boston native who lives in Montpelier, where she has booked a monthly comedy showcase at the Black Door Bar and Bistro since 2007. She founded the Green Mountain Comedy Festival in 2009.
“I had this idea of a massive lineup with folks doing five-minute sets,” she says of her original concept for the fest.
That first year, the term “festival” was charitable, as the showcase consisted of one show at the FlynnSpace in Burlington. In 2010, Kanz added a second night at the Monkey House in Winooski, where she currently hosts another monthly comedy show. This year, the GMCF offers an unprecedented six shows over five nights at venues around the state.
Kanz “wanted [Vermont] comedy to be bigger than it was, and she wants to celebrate comedy,” says Leavitt, who headlines a GMCF showcase at the Vergennes Opera House this Saturday. “She’s a really good promoter, and she runs a great show.”
Gladwell would call Kanz and Leavitt “mavens,” the type of people who accumulate knowledge and share it with others. But, for a true phenomenon to take shape, Gladwell says you need another type of personality in the mix, someone who can reach a wide array of people and unite them behind a common idea. He calls these people “connectors.”
Hartswick is a Vermont native, an alum of Leavitt’s class and the winner of the 2011 Higher Ground Comedy Battle. He is also a cofounder of the Vermont Comedy Club , a website devoted to cataloging local comics and promoting and unifying the scene’s previously disjointed pieces. He curated half of this year’s GMCF showcases.
“I really enjoy watching new comics get better,” Hartswick says. “And I love thinking about how to put together lineups that are fun and varied. It’s been fun to put those things together and watch them grow.”
In turn, says Leavitt, “It has been so much fun to watch Nathan blossom, not only as an artist but someone who has developed a deep love for comedy and creating opportunities — not just for themselves, but for other comics.”
On a national level, standup comedy has experienced something of a boom in recent years, reflected in the popularity of television shows such as “Last Comic Standing” and the crossover success of comedians such as Zach Galifianakis, Daniel Tosh and Demetri Martin. National pop-culture trends are typically slow to arrive in Vermont, but it’s no surprise that, once comedy emerged in the state, it had staying power. We all need a good laugh. And the nature of good comedy is to highlight our collective failings and foibles on a universally relatable level.
Colin Ryan  was a finalist at this year’s Higher Ground Comedy Battle and started a popular monthly comedy open mic at Patra Café in downtown Burlington. The show regularly draws upward of 20 performers per night, usually including several comics who are making their debut. In less than a year, Ryan’s open mic has become ground zero for the local comedy scene. He credits Kanz and Hartswick with planting the seeds.
“A lot of us are just figuring out how to do comedy right now. We’re just trying to find our voice,” he admits. But Hartswick and Kanz, he says, “think about how to make this into something that will last.”
So, why now? After years of comparatively little activity, how has the scene reached a point where it can support an ambitious festival like GMCF? Why has Vermont comedy, as Leavitt puts it, “exploded”?
It provides indispensable opportunities, for starters. As Hartswick notes, standup comedy is unique among performing arts in that, to become good at it, you have to do it in front of an audience.
“You can’t sit in your bedroom practicing and become a good comic,” he says. “You need an audience to interact with.”
More outlets to perform, such as Ryan’s open mic, Kanz’s monthly showcases and several other comedy nights around the state, give comedians more opportunities to hone their craft. In turn, these more polished comedians draw larger audiences, which necessitate the opening of more outlets. It’s a classic (rubber) chicken-or-the-egg situation.
“There are so many more people trying comedy for the first time,” says Ryan, who will perform at two GMCF showcases, one on Saturday at the Big Picture Theater & Café in Waitsfield and one on Sunday at the Cellar in Burlington. “And that’s all it takes,” he adds.
Well, that and lots of funny folks.
“It’s a critical mass of people,” says Leavitt. “And also, the comics in Vermont are pretty friggin’ good,” she opines. “That makes a huge difference. People just want to see comedy.”